From 2005 onwards, it is hard to identify a year where Sri Lanka’s weather pattern of two monsoons and two inter-monsoons have arrived at normal times, and with normal volumes. Droughts, flood and landslide incidents in quick succession, within a few months of each other, and alternating within the same districts, affect vulnerable communities and their capacity to cope. The compounded impacts of multiple disasters further impact the capacity of communities to prepare for, and to reduce risk to future events, including the impacts of climate change.
Sri Lanka faces a multitude of natural hazards including seasonal flooding and drought caused by uneven rainfalls, landslides set off by natural and human causes, and violent winds and tropical cyclones. Hazard risks are combined with numerous environmental issues including the post-conflict landscapes, land degradation and deforestation, scarcity of water, resource extraction and coastal erosion.
In line with the Sri Lanka Disaster Management Plan 2018-2030 and the National Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) continues to work with the national Government, local authorities, humanitarian partners and affected communities to better prepare for, and build resilience to disasters and climate change.